The nature side of the debate believes that humans are who they are because they were born with that personality and those traits. A human’s path is predetermined and is not dependent on any outside factors of how they are raised or their environment and in the end the result is the same as it would have been even if different conditions arose. The easiest way to define nature is the genetics a person has, a very simple example would be eye color.
The nurture side of the debate thinks that humans are who they are because of the environment they were raised in at a young age. Humans are said to be born with a blank slate and build on that blank slate with different lifestyle environments and experiences. The simplest way to describe nurture is influence; the effect people have in your life as growing up. One example of nurture would be the values parents teach their children as they grew up. Also, those would be the values that stay with them their whole life.
To be an ethical experiment researchers must follow the following guidelines:
- They must get informed consent from all subjects involved
- They must protect subjects from harm and/or discomfort
- Explain the results to the subjects after the experiment is over